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Synonym of Operationalization

English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia
Operationalization
In research design, especially in psychologysocial scienceslife sciences, and physics, operationalization is a process of defining the measurement of a phenomenon that is not directly measurable, though its existence is indicated by other phenomena. It is the process of defining a fuzzy concept so as to make the theoretical concept clearly distinguishable or measurable, and to understand it in terms of empirical observations. In a wider sense, it refers to the process of specifying the extension of a concept—describing what is and is not a part of that concept. For example, in medicine, the phenomenon of health might be operationalized by one or more indicators like body mass index or tobacco smoking. Thus, some phenomena are difficult to observe directly (i.e. they are latent), but their existence can be inferred by means of their observable effects. Sometimes, when multiple alternative or even competing, operationalization for the same phenomenon are available, one can repeat the analysis with all of the operationalizations one after the other, to see if the results are impacted by different operationalizations. This is often called conducting a robustness check. If the results are (substantially) unchanged, the results are said to be robust against certain alternative operationalizations of the checked variables. The concept of operationalization was first presented by the British physicist N. R. Campbell in his 'Physics: The Elements' (Cambridge, 1920). This concept next spread to humanities and social sciences. It remains in use in physics.

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Deutschsprachige Wikipedia - Die freie Enzyklopädie
Operationalisierung
Die Operationalisierung (oder Messbarmachung) legt fest, auf welche Weise ein (stets nur theoretisches) Konstrukt (z. B. SchwerkraftIntelligenzGerechtigkeit) beobachtbar und messbar gemacht werden soll. Sie hat in allen empirisch arbeitenden Wissenschaften eine große Bedeutung, da sie die Grundlage dafür ist, Messungen durchführen zu können. Wichtig ist eine geeignete Operationalisierung etwa bei der Prüfung von Hypothesen.

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Suomenkielinen Wikipedia – vapaa tietosanakirja
Operationalisointi
Operationalisointi tarkoittaa teoreettisen käsitteen yhdistämistä kohteessa havaittaviin ominaisuuksiin. Tavoitteena on pystyä mittaamaan ja havainnoimaan teorian käsittelemiä asioita mahdollisimman tarkasti.

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Ελληνική Βικιπαίδεια – η ελεύθερη εγκυκλοπαίδε
Οπερασιοναλισμός
Ο Οπερασιοναλισμός είναι μία θετικιστική φιλοσοφική θεωρία, η οποία δέχεται πως τα φυσικά μεγέθη έχουν πραγματική σημασία μόνο όταν μπορούν να αναχθούν σε κάποιο απόλυτο και μονοσήμαντα καθορισμένο σύστημα μέτρησης, το οποίο όμως είναι αδύνατο, καθώς πάντα όταν προσπαθούμε να εκτελέσουμε ένα πείραμα, είμαστε συμμέτοχοι σ'αυτό, δηλαδή επεμβαίνουμε σε οποιαδήποτε μέτρηση, καθιστώντας την υποκειμενική.

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English-Russian Lingvistica'98 dictionary
operationalization
(n) практическое применение

An English-Spanish Dictionary (Granada University, Spain), 14.4
operationalisation [operationalization, -USA]
= puesta en práctica, puesta en funcionamiento, aplicación.
Ex: Theories and models from the behavioural sciences offer a sound basis for understanding the problems with conceptualization and operationalization of user satisfaction.

Sosyal_Dusunce_Sozlugu
OPERATIONALIZATION
In quantitative research the act of specifying exactly how a concept will be measured. Before measuring the concept of ‘violent crime’ a researcher must decide what are indictors of violent crime and then specify how these indicators will be counted. One might, for example, decide to use official reports of crimes known to the police and count all instances of homicide, manslaughter, attempted murder, assault levels 1, 2 and 3 and sexual assault levels 1, 2 and 3. Examining how a researcher has operationalized a concept is the first place to look for weakness in the research design. In the above example, for instance, many would argue that assaults level 1 (the lowest level of assault) contain many acts which many would not really see as indicators of the concept of ‘violence’. The United States government, for example, does not include this kind of assault in their measures of violent crime.

Web Dictionary of Cybernetics and Systems
Operationalization
the specification of measurable empirical referents for abstract definitions, concepts, and hypotheses. (Young, p. l09)


  
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